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The Amnaya Scheme in Hadi Mata

 

The concept and structure of AmnAyas varies differently in the case of kAdi and hAdi mata-s. In the ShaDAmnAya scheme of hAdimata, UrdhvAmnAya forms the highest AmnAya and pAtAlAmnAya forms the lowest. kAdimata does not consider pAtAlAmnAya outside the purview of shrIkula Krama tantra but includes anuttarAmnAya instead. The devatA presiding over UrdhvAmnAya is sundarI in the case of hAdimata, which is why it is called sundarI Krama. mahAkAmakalA kAlI presides over the UrdhvAmnAya in the case of kAdimata and hence the name kAlI Krama:

UrdhvAmnAye mahAShoDhA uttare tAriNI smR^itA |
ayaM hAdimate proktaH shR^iNu kAdimate.adhunA ||
mahAkAmakalA kAlI tUrdhvAmAye.atra devatA |
dashakAlyAdi bhedaishcha kaniShThaH parirkIrtitaH ||

The hAdi Krama lists the AmnAyas based primarily on darshanas:

shAktaM shaivaM vaiShNavaM cha sauraM gANapameva cha |
bauddhaM cha devadeveshi ShaDAmnAyAH prakIrtitAH ||

The six Amnayas corresponding to the six darshanas, discussed in
hAdimata tantra and quoted in shaktisa~Ngama are:

1. shAkta
2. shaiva
3. vaiShNava
4. saura
5. gANapatya
6. bauddha

Some Tantras, mostly dealing with hAdi vidyA, offer a mapping of these darshanas with the classic pUrvAdi AmnAyas:

shAktaM shaivaM vaiShNavaM cha gANapaM saurameva cha |
UrdhvaM pUrvaM dakShayoge pratyak chodak cha pArvati ||

1. UrdhvAmnAya: shAkta
2. pUrvAmnAya: shaiva
3. dakShiNAmnAya: vaiShNava
4. pashchimAmnAya: gANapatya
5. uttarAmnAya: saura
6. pAtAlAmnAya: bauddha

This scheme differs from kAdimata where:

1. pUrvAmnAya: vaidika, agni, gaNapati
2. dakshiNAmnAya: shaiva
3. pashchimAmnAya: vaiShNava
4. uttarAmnaya: shAkta
5. UrdhvAmnAya: shAmbhava
6. anuttarAmnAya: kevala-brahmAmnAya

hAdi mata also associates AchAras with AmnAya:

1. pAtAlAmnAya: gandharva, apsarA, indrajAla etc. and hence pashvAchAra
2. pUrvAmnAya: kaulAchara
3. dakShiNAmnAya: dakshiNAchAra
4. pashchimAmnAya: vIrAchAra
5. uttarAmnAya: vAmAchAra
6. UrdhvAmnAya: divyamArga or brahmamArga

The usage of AmnAya is also tied to geography by some tantras, which
divide the Indian sub-continent into five prasthas:

1. indraprastha
2. yamaprastha
3. varuNaprastha
4. kUrmaprastha and
5. devaprastha