sUryAdyantaH pravR^ittim prajanayati tatashchAdidaivaM taduktam |
rUpAdyaM chAdhibhUtaM yadanugatamanudhyeyamAtmasvarUpam
tenAnte tasya tiShThAmyahamabhimukhamityaShTha me spaShTamAha ||
There are various ways of performing Surya Namaskara. Here is an outline of the procedure taught by Harshaji to many members of Kamakoti Mandali.
After performing a Samkalpa on Sunday early morning for arghya pradana and sUrya namaskAra, tricha nyAsa is performed and a kalasha filled with shuddha salila [to which tila, taNDula, dUrvAnkura, bilva, kusha, kusuma and rakta chandana, the seven ingredients specified by Sri Vidyaranya, are added] is worshipped. Sri Suryanarayana is invoked in the dvAdashAvaraNa yantra and worshipped with ShoDashopacharas followed by AvaraNa pUja. The description of the Yantra is:
bindutrikoNavR^ittaM cha ShaTkoNaM vR^ittayugmakam |
vasukoNaM tathA vR^ittam dvAdashAram tathaiva cha |
bhUpuratrayasaMyuktam sUryayantram vidhIyate ||
Note: Srividyopasakas perform pAtra sthApana as in Sri Krama and perform the dvAdashAvaraNa pUja during chaturAyatana pUja in Srichakra itself.
After the AvaraNa pUjA, saurAShTAkShari or other upadiShTa saura mantras [navAkShari in our case] are recited 108, 300 or 1008 times. Based on Sampradaya, some use tricha [First mandala of Rigveda], some mahAsaura [Rigveda], aruNa [TaittiriyAraNyaka, not followed by any members of Kamakoti Mandali] etc for sUrya namaskAra. Tricha [tri+richa = tricha] vidhi is taught to us in the Mandali. The namaskaras are followed by tricha arghya pradAna. For both arghya and namaskara, a sampuTa of vyAhR^ititraya, saurAshTAkShari, nArAyaNa aShTAkShari, shiva panchAkShari and tvaritA [tvaritA represents sUryashakti] is used. The number of Avartanas prescribed for namaskAra is 6, 4 or 2. 12 or 24 arghyas are generally offered to Lord sUryanArAyaNa. Though purANokta namaskAra [janmAntarakR^itairdoShaiH etc.] is prescribed for those who cannot perform vaidika namaskAra, we are taught to perform one round of this as well after the tricha vidhi. The practice is concluded by recitation of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotra and Aditya hR^idaya. A person should follow for three days rules such as abstinence etc before undertaking the practice. There are also purANokta arghya mantras for those ineligible for vaidika mantras. Some follow the practice of performing 108 namaskAras using purANokta mantras [kuryAcchedbhaktisahito hyaShTottarashatam bhavet].
Sura Namaskara is practiced by many in our Mandali on Sundays, special days such as birthdays, wedding anniversaries, yugAdi, sankramaNa, rathasaptamI, siddhArtha saptamI etc.